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Serum Electrolyte

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Overview Brief

A serum electrolyte is a diagnostic test to determine the electrolyte balance in the body.

What is Serum Electrolyte?

Electrolytes play a vital role in the normal functioning of the body. Magnesium, sodium, and potassium are some of the important electrolytes in the body. An imbalance in the electrolytic level of the body causes disruption of the normal functions of the body. Therefore, a serum electrolyte test can help to know the level of electrolytes in the body.

Why is Serum Electrolyte Suggested?

A patient undergoes serum electrolyte test if he experiences the following symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Irregular heartbeat and blood pressure.
  • Disorders of the bone and nervous system.
  • [1]Tiredness

How is Serum Electrolyte Test Performed?

Serum electrolyte test is essential to diagnose various problems due to improper electrolytic balance.

  • The needle draws the blood from the desired vein.
  • The lab personnel tests the sample for obtaining results.
  • The doctor does further assessment after obtaining the results.

The serum electrolyte test uses the blood serum for testing.

 

What are the Parameters Measured in Serum Electrolyte Test?

The serum electrolyte test measures the amount of the following in the body:

  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • [2]Chlorides

Preparation before Performing Serum Electrolyte

Prior preparations are very necessary before a test.

  • Food and water instructions are as per the doctor’s advice.
  • No other special preparations needed.

Post-care after Serum Electrolyte Test

The post care treatment includes:

  • Follow the instructions of the doctor carefully.
  • Take medicines regularly as suggested by the doctor.

Sample Types in Serum Electrolyte Test

  • Blood Sample.

Side Effects/Risks of Serum Electrolyte Test

The side effects and risks due to serum electrolyte test are minimal.

  • Bruising due to the needle.
  • Clotting of blood under the skin.

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