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Neuron Specific Enolase

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Overview

Neuron Specific Enolase (NSE) is a substance that is detected in patients with tumors like small cell lung cancer, melanoma, neuroblastoma, medullary thyroid cancer, endocrine tumors of the pancreas, and carcinoid tumors.

What is Neuron Specific Enolase?

Neuron Specific Enolase has a tumor marker and is focused on patients with small cell lung cancer and neuroblastoma first.

The measurements of Neuron Specific Enolase levels in victims with these two diseases have provided data about the length of the disease and the outlook of the patient.

Neuron Specific Enolase also provides information on the patient’s response to the treatment.

Why is Neuron Specific Enolase suggested?

The following are the clinical symptoms for suggesting a  Neuron Specific Enolase blood test:

  • Screening for small cell carcinoma of the lung.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Rapid weight loss.

How is Neuron Specific Enolase performed?

The Neuron Specific Enolase blood test is performed as follows:

  • A band will be wrapped around the arm.
  • The area to be injected will be sanitized to prevent infection.
  • The needle is then injected in the vein area and the required amount of blood is collected.

What are the parameters measured in Neuron Specific Enolase?

In a Neuron Specific Enolase blood test, neuron specific enolase is measured in micrograms per liter.

Preparation before performing Neuron Specific Enolase

There is no special preparation to be performed before the Neuron Specific Enolase test. However, patients should talk to the doctor and mention whether they are taking any medications that may affect the results of the test.

Post-care after Neuron Specific Enolase

After the Neuron Specific Enolase test, there are no precautions to be taken.

Sample types in Neuron Specific Enolase

To complete the Neuron Specific Enolase test, a blood sample is needed.

Side effects/risks of Neuron Specific Enolase

After the Neuron Specific Enolase test, patients can return to their daily activities. However, in rare cases, the skin can swell up after being injected. It can get better by applying a warm press. People can also feel lightheaded or faint after a blood test.

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