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HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA

Overview Brief

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test is done to detect the presence of HIV virus.

What is HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA?

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test is also known as HIV antibody test. It is done either in combination with other types of HIV testing or standalone.[2]

This test detects the presence of certain proteins that are produced in response to the HIV infection.[1]

Why is HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA suggested?

The HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test is suggested under the following circumstances:-

  • When exposure to the HIV virus is suspected.
  • In case of pregnancy to ensure that the mother doesn’t pass on the virus to the child.
  • In case the patient is diagnosed with Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis or any sexually transmitted disease.
  • Annual check-ups are suggested for people who are at high risk of exposure.

How is HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA performed?

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test is performed as follows:

  • A blood sample is drawn from the patient.
  • The blood sample is tested for the presence of proteins which are formed in response to HIV infection.

What are the parameters measured in HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA?

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test measures the presence of HIV virus in the given test sample.[2]

  • If the test comes out to be negative in the first go, a supplementary test is done in order to be sure that the patient is HIV negative.
  • If the test and the supplementary test both come out to be positive then the person is HIV positive.
  • Because of the sensitivity of the ELISA test, some people may test falsely positive. [1]

Preparation before performing HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA

The following points need to be taken into consideration before the HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test:-

  • The patient must visit the doctor to discuss all the details of symptoms and medical history.
  • The patient may need to stop taking blood thinning medication before the test is performed. [2]

Post-care after HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test is a simple procedure. No special care is required post the sample for testing has been given.

A bandage may be required in case blood is drawn.

Sample types in HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test is done only by the use of blood samples of patients.

Use the mfine app to know more about other tests like HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA test and find pathologists near you.

Side effects/risks of HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA

HIV 1 And 2 Antibody – ELISA is a simple lab test hence, there are no side effects or risks of undergoing the test.

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