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Differential leucocyte Count

Overview

Differential leucocyte count, which is also known as white blood cell count, measures the number of white blood cells present in the patient’s bloodstream.

What is differential leucocyte count?

A differential leucocyte count helps in determining the count of the different types of white blood cells present in the bloodstream. A differential leucocyte count can also detect if there are any immature or abnormal white blood cells, which could lead to severe diseases. With the help of a differential leucocyte count, doctors can determine if patients have conditions like leukemia, anemia, or infections.

Why is a differential leucocyte count suggested?

A differential leucocyte count is suggested when the patient experiences symptoms like

  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Body aches.

How is the differential leucocyte count performed?

The steps involved in performing the differential leucocyte count are mentioned below:

  • A band is tied on the arm and alcohol is rubbed on the skin.
  • The skin is pricked with a needle to collect a blood sample from the patient.

The samples are taken to the laboratory for checking the differential leucocyte count.

What are the parameters measured in a differential leucocyte count?

The differential leucocyte count measures the percentage of every type of white blood cell present in the bloodstream of the patient to diagnose for leukaemia, infection, or anaemia.

Preparation before performing a differential leucocyte count

The preparation required before performing differential leucocyte count are as follows:

  • The patient should consult the doctor about ongoing medication.
  • The patient should eat normal food before the test unless instructed otherwise.

Post-care after Differential leucocyte count

The simple post-care after differential leucocyte count includes

  • Showing the report to the doctor who evaluates whether there are any other tests that are required.
  • Take medications that are prescribed by the doctor.

Sample types in differential leucocyte count

A blood sample is required in this test.

Side effects of a differential leucocyte count

The common side effects of a differential leucocyte count is as follows:

  • Dizziness
  • Swelling and pain during blood collection.
  • Sweating

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