The Dengue Antigen is a type of blood test that helps in the diagnosis of dengue fever.
What is Dengue Antigen?
Dengue Antigen is a test performed on patients for the diagnosis of dengue fever. This test allows rapid detection on the first day of fever, even before the antibodies appear.
Why is Dengue Antigen Suggested?
The Dengue Antigen Test is suggested to a patient who is showing symptoms of a dengue viral attack. The symptoms include the following changes:
- Fall in body temperature.
- Rapid breathing.
- Severe pain.
- Increased tiredness and headache.
How is Dengue Antigen Performed?
The Dengue Antigen test is a painless procedure that only requires a few seconds. The process of Dengue Antigen involves the following steps:
- The arm of the patient is cleaned with a germ-killing solution.
- 5 ml of blood is drawn from the arm.
- The sample is then sent to the lab for further testing.
- The patient will receive test results after a period of time.
Patients can leave the hospital as soon as the test is over.
What Parameters Are Measured In Dengue Antigen
NS1 Protein is measured in the Dengue Antigen test.
Preparation before Dengue Antigen
No special preparation is required for the test. Patients have to schedule the test beforehand. The doctor should be informed about any underlying medical condition.
Post-care after Dengue Antigen
The pathologist may offer recommendations for post-care after the test. The patient may resume their usual lifestyle right after the procedure unless the doctor advises otherwise.
Sample Types Required For Dengue Antigen
A blood sample is required for a dengue antigen test.
Side-effects of Dengue Antigen
Dengue Antigen is a safe procedure. Some common risks are
- Fainting or feeling lightheaded.
- Risk of infection (from where the skin is broken).
- Blood accumulating under the skin.
- Excessive bleeding.