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CD56

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Overview Brief

The CD56 is a is the test to identify and analyse a homophilic binding glycoprotein (also called CD56), which helps in detecting the presence of “natural killer cells” (also called as NK cells) in the body.

What is CD56?

CD56 is a test performed is a type of blood test performed on patients for expression of CD56, a homophilic binding glycoprotein which acts as a differentiator on the surface of various types of t-cells and in a subset of b-cells, specifically b-1a and helps in identification of NK cells. The CD56 protein can help in treating a number of conditions and is also useful in detecting the failure in pregnancy.

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How is CD56 Performed?

The CD56 is a painless procedure that only requires a few seconds. The process of CD56 involves

  • The arm of the patient is cleaned with a germ-killing solution.
  • 2ml blood is drawn using a sharp syringe.
  • The blood sample is then sent to the lab for further testing.
  • The patient will receive the test results after a period of time.

Patients can leave the hospital as soon as the is over.

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Preparation before CD56

Patients have to schedule the test beforehand. The preparation for the test includes

  • No special preparation required for the test.
  • Inform your doctor if you are on any medication or have any underlying condition.

Your doctor will give special instructions based on your condition.

Post-care after CD56

The pathologist will advise about the post-care after the test.

  • You may resume your usual lifestyle right after the procedure unless your doctor advises otherwise.

Sample Types Required For CD56

  • Blood

Side-effects of CD56

CD56 is a safe procedure. Some common risks are

  • Fainting or feeling lightheaded.
  • Risk of infection (from where the skin is broken).
  • Blood accumulating under the skin.
  • Excessive bleeding.

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