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Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody – Titre IFA

Overview

An Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test is a primary tool in detecting whether or not a patient has Autoimmune Hepatitis.

What is the Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test?

An Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody test detects antibodies that attack smooth muscle.
An Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody test is ordered by a physician when he suspects that a person is suffering from autoimmune hepatitis. Such Antibodies are proteins produced by the human body during autoimmune disorders like Autoimmune Hepatitis which attack the smooth muscle cells found in the liver.
Therefore, Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test is key in detecting disorders like Autoimmune hepatitis.

Why is Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test is suggested?

Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test is ordered by the physician for the following reasons:
For detecting Autoimmune Hepatitis.
For detecting other diseases of the Liver like Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC).
To distinguish between different causes of liver injury.

How is Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test performed?

To perform an Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test, a sample will be obtained by the following procedure:
The technician wraps an elastic band around the arm of the person.
After finding a vein, the technician cleans the skin with antiseptic and inserts a needle for collecting blood.
After collecting enough blood, the technician removes the elastic band followed by withdrawal of the needle. The injection site is then covered with cotton or gauze.

What are the parameters measured in the Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test?

The Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody test measures the number of antibodies that attack smooth muscle. A titer of more than 1:40 is considered as abnormal.

Preparation for Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test

No specific preparatory steps are necessary

Post-care after Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test

No special post-care is necessary after this test.

Sample types in Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test

A blood sample is drawn for the test.

Side effects of Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody IFA test

There are no side effects of this test.

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