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Absolute Neutrophil Count

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  • Knowing Your Neutrophil Level through Absolute Neutrophil Count

    Absolute neutrophil count is a method to determine the number of white blood cells in the body of a person.

  • Neutrophils are a type of white blood cells in the body. The white blood cells help in fighting against the infection. Cancer treatment tends to reduce the count of white blood cells. Therefore, the absolute neutrophil count comes in handy in determining the number of neutrophils to determine a person’s immune strength. The lower the count is the higher is the body susceptible to infections. [1]
    A patient undergoes this test because:
    To know the WBC count in the blood.
    To check diseases like leukaemia.
    If he experiences fever, chills, fatigue, and weight loss.

  • A patient undergoes this test because:

    • To know the WBC count in the blood.
    • To check diseases like leukaemia.
    • If he experiences fever, chills, fatigue, and weight loss. [3]
  • The steps to perform ANC are simple.
    The lab assistant takes the blood of the patient as a sample.
    An anti-coagulant treats the blood sample to know the number and types of white blood cells present in the blood.
    Bands are the young neutrophils in the blood.
    A person can know his count by multiplying the neutrophil percentage with the number of white blood cells. [2]
    A count of 1000 or less indicates low levels of neutrophils.

  • The parameters measured by the ANC are:

    • The number of neutrophils.
    • The number of bands (young neutrophils).
    • Total white blood cells.
  • The steps to perform ANC are simple.
    The lab assistant takes the blood of the patient as a sample.
    An anti-coagulant treats the blood sample to know the number and types of white blood cells present in the blood.
    Bands are the young neutrophils in the blood.
    A person can know his count by multiplying the neutrophil percentage with the number of white blood cells. [2]
    A count of 1000 or less indicates low levels of neutrophils.

  • Before any test, a person needs to prepare his body for getting correct results.

    • Inform the doctor about any medicine intake.
    • The doctor gives instructions for consumption of food and water accordingly.
  • The sample taken for the test is usually a blood sample.

  • Side effects and risks of ANC are:

    • In some cases, there may be swelling in the site from where the blood is drawn.
    • There may be a risk of getting infections through unsterilized needles.

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