Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

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Overview Brief

Measles, or rubeola, is a highly contagious disease that children are particularly susceptible to. The Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM test helps in diagnosing it.

What is Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM?

Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM is a diagnostic procedure that tests the presence of measles antibodies (IgM) in a serum sample.

Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM is the ideal test for patients who have not previously been vaccinated for measles. The presence of IgM antibodies in the serum confirms the presence of the measles infection. Measles is highly virulent and hence tests should be done as early as possible.

Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM is a preferred procedure for its speed, accuracy and minimal invasiveness.

Why is Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM suggested?

Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM is suggested in the following cases:

  • To confirm the presence of measles in a patient.
  • To assess the effectiveness of measles treatment.

How is Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM performed?

Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM is performed by a trained pathologist.

  • A blood sample is collected with a needle.
  • Centrifugal tubes separate out the serum.
  • Samples should be transported on ice packs.

In some cases, a saliva sample may also be needed for Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

Parameters measured in Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

The following parameters are relevant in Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

  • Positive levels of the IgM antibody.
  • Presence of febrile rash.

Preparations before performing Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

The following preparations ensure that Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM goes smoothly.

  • A mild diet is advised before the test.
  • Patients should inform pathologists if they are prone to excessive bleeding [2].

Post-care after Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

No specific post-care is needed after Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM.

Sample types with Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

The following samples are typically needed for Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM.

  • Serum sample.
  • Saliva example.

Side effects/risks of Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM

The following risks are associated with Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgM.

  • False negatives due to diminishing of IgM in the first 72 hours after rash sets in [2].
  • Inability to detect congenital rubella at birth.

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