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Mean Platelet Volume

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Overview Brief

Platelets are blood cells that help to prevent bleeding and assist with blood clotting. The Mean Platelet Volume is thus an indicator of blood health.

What is Mean Platelet Volume?

The Mean Platelet Volume test is a measure of the average size of blood platelets, which is a measure of their functionality and health.

The Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) is a routine part of a complete blood count (CBC) test [1]. Platelets are responsible for forming blood clots to slow down blood loss and promote healing, and abnormally high or low MPV results usually indicate some form of infection or illness.

The Mean Platelet Volume test is used along with platelet count to determine the kind of illness the patient has.

Why is Mean Platelet Volume Suggested?

Mean Platelet Volume is suggested in the following cases:

  • As part of a routine blood test.
  • To determine any abnormalities in case of symptoms like uncontrollable bleeding.
  • To check for leukaemia and other cancers.

How is Mean Platelet Volume performed?

Mean Platelet Volume is performed by a designated pathologist.

  • A blood sample is drawn from the patient.
  • The sample is placed in a tube with an anticoagulant to prevent clotting.
  • The sample is taken to the lab for testing.

Other tests may be performed along with Mean Platelet Volume for accurate diagnosis.

Parameters measured in Mean Platelet Volume

The following parameters are measured in Mean Platelet Volume

  • Size of the platelets in the blood.

Preparations before performing Mean Platelet Volume

The following preparations help Mean Platelet Volume to happen smoothly.

  • Patients should inform pathologists if they suffer from haemophilia.

Post-care after Mean Platelet Volume

No specific post-care is needed after Mean Platelet Volume.

Sample types in Mean Platelet Volume

The following samples are required in Mean Platelet Volume

  • Blood sample.

Side effects/risks of Mean Platelet Volume

The following risks are associated with Mean Platelet Volume

  • Biased results in people who live at high altitudes and have naturally higher MPV [2].
  • Biased results in menstruating women.

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