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Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

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Overview Brief

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) measures the concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of red blood cells. It is part of a complete blood count test.

What is Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration?

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration is a diagnostic procedure that measures the hemoglobin concentration in a specified amount of packed red cells.

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration, along with Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), form an index called red blood cell indices. A higher or lower MCHC could cause blood to appear more or less red than usual [1].

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration is measured as a mass or molar concentration and is expressed as a percentage [2].

Why is Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration suggested?

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration is suggested in the following instances:

  • As part of a routine blood test
  • To identify the presence of anemia or other blood-related illnesses
  • To check for iron deficiency in the blood

How is Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration performed?

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration is performed by a qualified pathologist.

  • A blood sample is drawn from the patient’s arm.
  • The sample is put into the centrifuge to pack the red blood cells together [3].
  • MCH is derived by dividing the hemoglobin amount by the volume percentage of red blood cells.

Other tests may be done along with Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration for better diagnosis.

Parameters measured in Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

The following parameters are measured in Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

  • The concentration of hemoglobin amount in a given volume of red blood cells

Preparations before performing Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

The following preparations ensure that Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration happens safely.

  • Patients should inform pathologists if they have bled excessively in the past.

 

Post-care after Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

  • No special post-care is needed for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration.

Sample types in Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

The following samples are required for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

  • Blood sample.

Side effects/risks of Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

The following risks could occur with Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

  • Minor risk of excessive bleeding when drawing the sample.

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