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Insulin Like Growth Factor 1

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Overview

Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 or Somatostatin is a hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland and controls the overall growth and functioning of the other glands.

What is an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test?

The Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test is used to detect the amount of the hormone in the blood. It is usually performed when

  • A child has symptoms of deficient growth like short stature, delayed growth and development, decreased bone density, muscles, etc.
  • A child or adult has gigantism or acromegaly.

The Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test is often accompanied by other endocrine tests.

Why is an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test suggested?

The Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test

  • Detects pituitary tumors.
  • Evaluates the pituitary function.
  • Helps evaluate a child’s nutritional status.

How is an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test performed?

For the Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 blood test,

  • The area on a person’s forearm is cleaned with an antiseptic for the prick.
  • A tourniquet is tied above the area of the intended prick.
  • Blood is drawn from a vein and sent for testing.

What are the parameters measured in an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test?

In an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test,

  • Decreased level of Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 indicates growth hormone deficiency, insensitivity to it, pituitary or other endocrine problems, all of which result in short stature in kids.
  • Increased Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 level indicates increased production. It is physiological during pregnancy and puberty but at other times it indicates tumors.

Preparation before performing an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test

There are no preparatory measures needed for the Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test.

Post-care after an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test

There are no specific post-care measures following an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test.

Sample types in an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test

For an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test, a venous blood sample is taken from the arm.

Side effects/risks of an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test

The common side effects seen with an Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 test include fainting, dizziness, pain, or excessive bleeding when blood is drawn.

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