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Immunoglobulin M

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Overview Brief

There are 5 primary types of antibodies in our bodies that help it fight infections. Of them, Immunoglobulin M(IgM), G and A are often measured together in one test.

What is an Immunoglobulin M test

The Immunoglobulin M test is rarely done selectively and almost always includes Immunoglobulins A and G.

  • Immunoglobulin levels in the blood must be balanced.
  • An excess of immunoglobulins, including Immunoglobulin M, can indicate an autoimmune disease like rheumatoid arthritis.
  • A reduced quantity indicates immunodeficiency that can lead to infections.

Why is an Immunoglobulin M test suggested

  • The Immunoglobulin M test is done to detect immunodeficiency conditions.[1]
  • Selective deficiency of IgM(rare).
  • Bacterial and viral infections.
  • To detect autoimmune disorders.

How is an Immunoglobulin M test performed?

For an Immunoglobulin M test:

  • The area of puncture is cleaned with an antiseptic.
  • An elastic band is tied above the area of intended puncture.
  • A healthcare professional will draw venous blood from a vein using a needle and a syringe( blotting from a heel prick in case of an infant).
  • The elastic is then removed.

The Immunoglobulin M is completed in just a few minutes.

 

What are the parameters measured in an Immunoglobulin M test

In an Immunoglobulin M test(blood/CSF) the levels of immunoglobulins G, M and A are detected to understand if they are high or low and which type of antibody is in what quantity.

Preparation before performing an Immunoglobulin M test

There is no preparation needed before you come for an Immunoglobulin M test.

Post-care after an Immunoglobulin M test

There are no specific post-care measures that you or your child may need to take after an Immunoglobulin M test.

Sample types in an Immunoglobulin M test

Commonly used sample types used in an Immunoglobulin M test are:

  • Blood
  • CSF

Side effects/risks of an Immunoglobulin M test

There are no side effects/ risks associated with an Immunoglobulin M test. But, like any other blood test, there can be chances of: [2]

  • Fainting
  • Hematoma
  • Pain in the area of the prick.

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