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HSV 1 IgG & IgM

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Overview Brief

HSV 1 IgG and IgM test are done to diagnose infection with the herpes simplex virus. [2]

What is HSV 1 IgG and IgM?

HSV 1 IgG and IgM test is a lab test which is done to diagnose infection with herpes simplex virus of HSV 1 type (oral herpes).

Why is HSV 1 IgG and IgM suggested?

The HSV 1 IgG and IgM test are suggested if exposure to the herpes simplex virus is speculated.

Exposure to the herpes virus can cause the following symptoms:

  • A mild fever.
  • Blisters near the mouth area or inside the mouth.
  • Viral meningitis is an indication of infection by herpes simplex virus.
  • Soreness or blisters near the genital area.

How is HSV 1 IgG and IgM performed?

HSV 1 IgG and IgM test are performed as follows:

  • A blood sample or swab of saliva is taken from a blister.
  • The sample is tested for the presence of herpes simplex virus.

What are the parameters measured in HSV 1 IgG and IgM?

HSV 1 IgG and IgM test detect the presence of herpes simplex virus in the sample [1]:

  • Positive HSV-1 or HSV-2 IgM antibody test indicates the presence of an active or recent infection.
  • Positive HSV-1 or HSV-2 IgG antibody test indicates the presence of a previous infection.
  • Negative test results mean that it is unlikely that the person has been exposed to the herpes simplex virus.

Preparation before performing HSV 1 IgG and IgM

The following points need to be taken into consideration before the HSV 1 IgG and IgM test:-

  • The patient must visit the doctor to discuss all the details of symptoms and medical history.
  • If the patient has experienced any prior problems in taking blood tests, they must inform the doctor before taking the test.

Post-care after HSV 1 IgG and IgM

HSV 1 IgG and IgM test is a simple procedure. No special care is required to post the sample for testing has been given.

A bandage may be required in case blood is drawn.

Sample types in HSV 1 IgG and IgM

HSV 1 IgG and IgM test are done by the use of swab of saliva from blisters of patients.

Side effects/risks of HSV 1 IgG and IgM

HSV 1 IgG and IgM is a simple lab test hence, there are no side effects or risks of undergoing the test.

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