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Overview Brief

HIV Monitoring test is done to detect the presence of HIV virus.

What is HIV Monitoring?

HIV Monitoring test is also known as HIV antibody test. It is done either in combination with other types of HIV testing or standalone.[2]

This test detects the presence of certain proteins that are produced in response to the HIV infection.[1]

Why is HIV Monitoring suggested?

The HIV Monitoring test is suggested to people who are already diagnosed with HIV. These are routine tests are used to:-

  • Assess the health of the HIV positive patient on an ongoing basis.
  • Assess the effectiveness of the medication.
  • Early treatment of any other ailments that may be caused in the body due to HIV virus.

How is HIV Monitoring performed?

HIV Monitoring test is performed as follows:

  • A blood sample is drawn from the patient.
  • The blood sample is tested for CD4 cell count and HIV RNA.

What are the parameters measured in HIV Monitoring?

HIV Monitoring test uses two parameters to monitor patients with HIV.[1]

  • First is CD4 T lymphocyte (CD4) cell count. This is used to assess immune function.
  • Second is plasma HIV RNA (viral load). This is used to assess levels of HIV viremia.

Preparation before performing HIV Monitoring

The following points need to be taken into consideration before the HIV Monitoring test:-

  • The patient must visit the doctor to discuss all the details of symptoms and medical history.
  • The tests need to be taken routinely.

Post-care after HIV Monitoring

HIV Monitoring test is a simple procedure. No special care is required post the sample for testing has been given.

A bandage may be required in case blood is drawn.

Sample types in HIV Monitoring

HIV Monitoring test is done only by the use of blood samples of patients.

Side effects/risks of HIV Monitoring

HIV Monitoring is a simple lab test hence, there are no side effects or risks of undergoing the test.

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