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Hb S/ Sickle Cell Anemia

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Overview

HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia test is conducted to check whether a person is suffering from sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is a type of inherited disorder. It is used to determine the presence of and relative amount of Hemoglobin S in the blood.

What is  HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia?

HB S/ Sickle Anemia test or Hemoglobin S/ Sickle Cell Anemia test is used to know about sickle cell anemia an inherited disorder leading to abnormal production of Hemoglobin S in the blood. This test determines the presence and relative amount of Hemoglobin S or detects mutations in the genes that produces hemoglobin to help identify sickle cell anemia.

Why is HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia suggested?

HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia test is suggested if a person is suspected to have

  • Pain in the joints and inflamed finger or toes
  • Sudden pain in the chests
  • Blood in urine
  • Dizziness, fatigue, shortage of oxygen
  • Yellow skin and eyes, abnormal decrease in RBC.

How is HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia performed?

This test is performed by

  • By Hemoglobinopathy evaluation like Hemoglobin electrophoresis, Isoelectric focusing, capillary zones.
  • Other test like Genetic test, CBC, Blood smear can also be performed.

What parameters are measured in HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia?

The parameters measured in test are

  • The level of the Hemoglobin S in the blood and presence or absence of sickle cell anemia.

Preparation before HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia

There is no need of preparations, but one can be recommended to

  • Avoid medication as directed by doctor
  • No recent blood should have been drawn for any test.

Post care after HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia

After the test you may need to

  • Drink plenty of water and take some rest
  • Take further treatments.

Sample types in HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia

For this test you may require

  • Blood sample from vein of arm or by pricking heels or fingers

 

Side effects/risks of HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia

There are not any side effects of the test, however following problems may arise

  • Taking blood may seem painful
  • One can get lightheaded or fainted

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