HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia test is conducted to check whether a person is suffering from sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is a type of inherited disorder. It is used to determine the presence of and relative amount of Hemoglobin S in the blood.
What is HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia?
HB S/ Sickle Anemia test or Hemoglobin S/ Sickle Cell Anemia test is used to know about sickle cell anemia an inherited disorder leading to abnormal production of Hemoglobin S in the blood. This test determines the presence and relative amount of Hemoglobin S or detects mutations in the genes that produces hemoglobin to help identify sickle cell anemia.
Why is HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia suggested?
HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia test is suggested if a person is suspected to have
- Pain in the joints and inflamed finger or toes
- Sudden pain in the chests
- Blood in urine
- Dizziness, fatigue, shortage of oxygen
- Yellow skin and eyes, abnormal decrease in RBC.
How is HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia performed?
This test is performed by
- By Hemoglobinopathy evaluation like Hemoglobin electrophoresis, Isoelectric focusing, capillary zones.
- Other test like Genetic test, CBC, Blood smear can also be performed.
What parameters are measured in HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia?
The parameters measured in test are
- The level of the Hemoglobin S in the blood and presence or absence of sickle cell anemia.
Preparation before HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia
There is no need of preparations, but one can be recommended to
- Avoid medication as directed by doctor
- No recent blood should have been drawn for any test.
Post care after HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia
After the test you may need to
- Drink plenty of water and take some rest
- Take further treatments.
Sample types in HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia
For this test you may require
- Blood sample from vein of arm or by pricking heels or fingers
Side effects/risks of HB S/ Sickle Cell Anemia
There are not any side effects of the test, however following problems may arise
- Taking blood may seem painful
- One can get lightheaded or fainted