DOG-1 is found to be a very significantly specific marker that is used for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).
What is DOG-1?
DOG-1 is a protein found on the surface of the cell that is known to have functions in gastrointestinal stromal tumors. With a DOG-1 test, the doctors diagnose for GIST and start treating the disease.
Why is DOG-1 suggested?
DOG-1 is suggested to the patient when he/she experiences the following symptoms
- Bloody stools.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
How is DOG-1 performed?
The procedure in which the DOG-1 test is performed involves the following steps:
- The patient will be asked to visit an outpatient clinic laboratory.
- In the clinic, the patient will have to sit still while the examiner will extract tissue cells from a part of the patient’s body.
- The tissue cells will be stored in paraffin-embedded cases and taken to the laboratory.
The DOG-1 test checks for gastrointestinal stromal tumors in the samples and sends the results to the patient.
What are the parameters measured in DOG-1?
With the help of the DOG-1 test, the doctors measure the majority of cKIT negative and other factors that trigger the GIST in the patients.
Preparation before performing DOG-1
You should inform your doctor about your medical history, any current medications you are on, and family conditions.
Post-care after DOG-1
Post-care after DOG-1 includes:
- Take proper rest.
- Take the medications prescribed, regularly.
Sample types in DOG-1
The sample types in DOG-1 are as follows:
- Paraffin-embedded tissue samples.
- Blood samples.
Side effects of DOG-1
Common side effects of DOG-1 are
- Nausea if sedated before taking tissue samples.
- Slight pain.