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D-Dimer

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Overview

The D-Dimer test is used to check the presence of D-Dimer protein when a blood clot gets dissolved into the body. It is usually formed when a blood clot is made at the injury site on the body.

What is D-Dimer?

D-Dimer test is a blood test that detects the level of the forming and breaking down of the blood clot. This simply detects D-Dimer in the blood. It is one of the final fibrin degradation products produced during blood clotting.

Why is D-Dimer suggested?

D-Dimer is suggested if a person has symptoms such as

  • Excessive pain and swelling of the leg (especially one leg).
  • Vein thrombosis and inappropriate blood clotting.
  • Shortness of breath and coughing.
  • Chest pain and high BP.
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation.

How is D-Dimer performed?

The D-Dimer test is performed by the following steps:

  • A simple blood test is conducted on the vein on your arm.
  • In some cases, venous ultrasound, direct pulmonary angiography tests can also be conducted.

What parameters are measured in D-Dimer?

These parameters are measured in the D-Dimer test:

  • If the test result comes back positive, it may indicate the presence of a high level of fibrin degradation products.
  • It may also become positive if there is a recent surgery, liver disease, infection, etc.

Preparations before D-Dimer

No prior preparation is needed before the test. However, the doctor may suggest the following measures:

  • Do not eat anything before the procedure.
  • Consume glucose or juice.
  • Discuss medications with the doctor.

Post-care after D-Dimer

A patient with positive D-Dimer test may resort to the following steps:

  • Use turmeric, grape extract in case of a blood clot.
  • Soap should be used to prevent infection
  • Regular medicines should be provided by the doctor.
  • Adequate rest and a lot of water is to be consumed by the patient.

Sample types in D-Dimer

A D-Dimer requires a blood sample.

Side effects/risks of D-Dimer

D-Dimer test have no side effects. The following issues may appear:

  • Taking a blood sample may be painful.
  • A patient must get lightheaded or faint.

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