The D-Dimer test is used to check the presence of D-Dimer protein when a blood clot gets dissolved into the body. It is usually formed when a blood clot is made at the injury site on the body.
What is D-Dimer?
D-Dimer test is a blood test that detects the level of the forming and breaking down of the blood clot. This simply detects D-Dimer in the blood. It is one of the final fibrin degradation products produced during blood clotting.
Why is D-Dimer suggested?
D-Dimer is suggested if a person has symptoms such as
- Excessive pain and swelling of the leg (especially one leg).
- Vein thrombosis and inappropriate blood clotting.
- Shortness of breath and coughing.
- Chest pain and high BP.
- Disseminated intravascular coagulation.
How is D-Dimer performed?
The D-Dimer test is performed by the following steps:
- A simple blood test is conducted on the vein on your arm.
- In some cases, venous ultrasound, direct pulmonary angiography tests can also be conducted.
What parameters are measured in D-Dimer?
These parameters are measured in the D-Dimer test:
- If the test result comes back positive, it may indicate the presence of a high level of fibrin degradation products.
- It may also become positive if there is a recent surgery, liver disease, infection, etc.
Preparations before D-Dimer
No prior preparation is needed before the test. However, the doctor may suggest the following measures:
- Do not eat anything before the procedure.
- Consume glucose or juice.
- Discuss medications with the doctor.
Post-care after D-Dimer
A patient with positive D-Dimer test may resort to the following steps:
- Use turmeric, grape extract in case of a blood clot.
- Soap should be used to prevent infection
- Regular medicines should be provided by the doctor.
- Adequate rest and a lot of water is to be consumed by the patient.
Sample types in D-Dimer
A D-Dimer requires a blood sample.
Side effects/risks of D-Dimer
D-Dimer test have no side effects. The following issues may appear:
- Taking a blood sample may be painful.
- A patient must get lightheaded or faint.