There are some diagnostic radiographs taken specifically for the head and neck region. Commonly used radiographs include an orthopantomogram and a cephalogram.
What is Cephalogram?
A cephalogram is commonly used by dentists and orthodontists to evaluate and diagnose orthodontic abnormalities and plan treatment. Furthermore,
- It is also used by ENT specialists.
- It is a side view of the head, face, and jaws and teeth. Aspects of the skull can be measured relative to each other using a cephalogram.
- It can be used to make growth predictions in children.
- By studying all these structures alongside each other, a doctor may be able to diagnose any problems.
The cephalogram is also commonly called lateral cephalogram as it gives a lateral view of the head and neck region.
How is a Cephalogram performed?
The cephalogram is a quick radiographic procedure.
- The patient will be positioned in front of the machine.
- The patient will have to keep their teeth clamped for this X-ray.
- The patient will be asked to keep their forehead and chin on bars that orient the cephalogram.
The entire cephalogram procedure takes about 15-20 minutes to perform.
Side effects/risks of Cephalogram
Radiation exposure is the only plausible risk associated with a cephalogram.
Preparation before performing Cephalogram
Before performing a Cephalogram, the patient will be asked to remove metallic objects and jewelry from the head and neck region.
Post-care after Cephalogram
There are no contrast dyes used in the X-ray scan. So, there are no post-care measures needed after a cephalogram. The scan takes a few minutes to complete and the patient can resume their regular activities once it has concluded.
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