The CD56 is a is the test to identify and analyse a homophilic binding glycoprotein (also called CD56), which helps in detecting the presence of “natural killer cells” (also called as NK cells) in the body.
What is CD56?
CD56 is a test performed is a type of blood test performed on patients for expression of CD56, a homophilic binding glycoprotein which acts as a differentiator on the surface of various types of t-cells and in a subset of b-cells, specifically b-1a and helps in identification of NK cells. The CD56 protein can help in treating a number of conditions and is also useful in detecting the failure in pregnancy.
How is CD56 Performed?
The CD56 is a painless procedure that only requires a few seconds. The process of CD56 involves
- The arm of the patient is cleaned with a germ-killing solution.
- 2ml blood is drawn using a sharp syringe.
- The blood sample is then sent to the lab for further testing.
- The patient will receive the test results after a period of time.
Patients can leave the hospital as soon as the is over.
Preparation before CD56
Patients have to schedule the test beforehand. The preparation for the test includes
- No special preparation required for the test.
- Inform your doctor if you are on any medication or have any underlying condition.
Your doctor will give special instructions based on your condition.
Post-care after CD56
The pathologist will advise about the post-care after the test.
- You may resume your usual lifestyle right after the procedure unless your doctor advises otherwise.
Sample Types Required For CD56
Side-effects of CD56
CD56 is a safe procedure. Some common risks are
- Fainting or feeling lightheaded.
- Risk of infection (from where the skin is broken).
- Blood accumulating under the skin.
- Excessive bleeding.