A blood ionized calcium test is executed to examine and diagnose a range of conditions of the heart, nerves, bones, and kidneys.
What is Ionized Calcium Test?
Calcium is a vital mineral which our body uses in so many ways.
Calcium increases the strength of the teeth and bones, helps in proper muscle and nerve function. Calcium ionized blood test measures complete calcium levels in the blood.
Ionized calcium is the most active form of calcium present in the blood.
Why is Ionized Calcium Test Suggested?
An Ionized calcium test diagnoses the total amount of calcium in our blood.
We might require to get your calcium levels checked for the following:
- We have unnatural levels of blood proteins.
- We are receiving blood transfusions for some time.
- We are on Intravenous (IV) fluids and our body is critically ill.
- We are undergoing major surgery.
How is Ionized Calcium Test Performed?
A small part of our blood is used for the Ionized calcium test.
- A doctor performs a venipuncture to get a blood sample.
- They clean a section of our arm, insert the needle into our vein, and draw out the blood into a test-tube.
- We are then advised to apply pressure to the site where the needle entered.
Avoid usage of the arm for weight lifting for the day after performing an ionized calcium test.
What are The Parameters Measured in Ionized Calcium Test?
The test diagnoses the levels of ionized calcium in the blood.
Preparation Before Performing Ionized Calcium Test
Patients need to fast for almost six hours before they become eligible for an Ionized calcium test.
- Do not eat or drink anything before the test.
- Always discuss the medications you take with your doctor before performing the test.
Drugs that can affect your blood calcium levels include calcium salts, lithium, hydralazine, and thiazide diuretics.
Post-Care after Calcium Ionized Test
The doctor will discuss the test with us once the results come out.
High calcium levels indicate Hypercalcemia, caused by hyperparathyroidism or even cancer.
Low calcium levels indicate hypoparathyroidism.
Sample Types in Ionized Calcium Test
Blood and urine samples are required.
Side-Effects/ Risks of Ionized Calcium Test?
There are extremely minor risks present which associate with taking a blood sample. These include:
- Uncontrolled bleeding