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Overview Brief

BNP is a hormone secreted by the heart that is measured using a simple blood test to help diagnose and monitor heart failure [1]. Level of BNP increases with heart failure however it increases due to age as well.

What is BNP

BNP is a hormone that is secreted by heart cardiomyocytes when increased ventricular volume causes it to stretch.

Why BNP is suggested?

BNP levels help doctors differentiate between heart failure and other problems, such as lung disease [2].

  • BNP level of 100 – 400 pg/mL requires further diagnosis
  • BNP level above 400 pg/mL indicates heart failure [3]

Why BNP is suggested?

BNP levels help doctors differentiate between heart failure and other problems, such as lung disease [2].

  • BNP level of 100 – 400 pg/mL requires further diagnosis
  • BNP level above 400 pg/mL indicates heart failure [3]

What are the parameters measured in BNP?

Levels of B-type natriuretic peptide BNP) and N-terminal (NT) – prohormone BNP(NT-proBNP) levels are measured.

Preparation before performing BNP

You do not need to do any specific preparation before performing a BNP test. However, if you are prone to anxiety due to blood being drawn for the test, you may need medication to reduce anxiety.

Post-care after BNP test

No specific precautions are required after the test and you can resume your normal activity.

Sample types in BNP

A small amount of blood sample is taken.

Side effects/ risks of BNP

There are no side effects.

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