The BER-EP4 test is used to investigate the presence of basal cell carcinomas which are the most common in the world with almost 105 rises reported each year.
What is BER-EP4?
BER-EP4 or the Epithelial cell adhesion molecule is done to evaluate the basal cell carcinomas.
- BER-EP4 is a test which can distinguish and classify the different categories of the carcinomas.
- Infiltrative basal cell carcinoma is considered as the most difficult to treat among the 3 types.
- Using this test, basal cell carcinomas can be distinguished from squamous cell carcinoma.
- Similarly, mesothelioma can be differentiated from pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
Surgeries are an option of treatment for the BER-EP4.
Why is BER-EP4 suggested?
BER-EP4 is suggested for the following symptoms:
- Redness of skin.
- Shiny pearl-like nodules over the skin.
- Red patchy skin similar to eczema.
- Skin Thickening.
How is BER-EP4 performed?
BER-EP4 is performed as follows:
- The tissue sample and a needle aspirate sample is collected in RPMI medium.
- The tissue sample is sieved and made into a suspension.
- The suspension is filtered and washed and sent for testing.
The BER-EP4 test thrives only on healthy tissues and cannot be done depleted samples.
What are the parameters measured in BER-EP4?
Parameters measured in BER-EP4 are:
- The tissues collected are tested to distinguish them from the carcinoma cells.
Preparation before performing BER-EP4
- No specific preparation is required for BER-EP4.
Post-care after BER-EP4
Post-care for BER-EP4 is:
- Treatment options can be discussed based on the results of the test.
Sample types in BER-EP4
Sample types in BER-EP4:
- Tissue samples
- Needle aspirate sample
Side effects/risks of BER-EP4
There may be the following side effects:
- Bruising from sample collection.
- Soreness at the site of sample collection.