The Apolipoprotein B Test is a quantitative test to help identify if there is an adequate amount of Apolipoprotein – A1, which determines the risk of cardiovascular disease.
What is the Apolipoprotein B Test?
Apolipoprotein B- 100 is a very important constituent of lipoproteins such as VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein). Apo- B is responsible for the dissolution of lipids in the bloodstream. Deficiency in Apo- B leads to cardiovascular diseases.
Why is the Apolipoprotein B Test suggested?
The Apolipoprotein B Test is suggested in the following cases
- Evaluating risk for Cardiovascular Disease.
- In cases of family history of cardiovascular disease.
- Along with Apo- A1 test or other lipid tests.
- In cases of high triglyceride levels.
How is an Apolipoprotein B Test performed?
The Apolipoprotein B Test is a short procedure.
- A vein is located, often inner arm and the area is cleaned.
- A needle is used to draw blood from the vein.
- An adhesive is placed after the sample is drawn.
- The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing.
- Diagnosis of rare cases oh inherited Apo-B deficiency.
What are the parameters measured in the Apolipoprotein B Test?
The Apolipoprotein B Test tests for excess in Apo- B which is one of the main components of LDL also known as bad cholesterol.
Preparation before performing Apolipoprotein B Test
The Apolipoprotein B Test does not require any fasting, but it is usually performed alongside of a lipid profile which requires 12 hours of fasting.
Post-care after Apolipoprotein B Test
The Apolipoprotein B Test does not have any side effects that require treatment or attention.
Sample types in Apolipoprotein B Test
- 40-125 mg/dL: Normal Range
- Less than 100 mg/dL: Desirable in low or intermediate risk.
- Less than 80 mg/dL: Desirable in high-risk individuals.
Side Effects of Apolipoprotein B Test
The drawing of blood might make a few people feel dizzy.