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Apolipoprotein – B

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The Apolipoprotein B Test is a quantitative test to help identify if there is an adequate amount of Apolipoprotein – A1, which determines the risk of cardiovascular disease.

What is the Apolipoprotein B Test?

Apolipoprotein B- 100 is a very important constituent of lipoproteins such as VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein). Apo- B is responsible for the dissolution of lipids in the bloodstream. Deficiency in Apo- B leads to cardiovascular diseases. 

Why is the Apolipoprotein B Test suggested?

The Apolipoprotein B Test is suggested in the following cases

  • Evaluating risk for Cardiovascular Disease.
  • In cases of family history of cardiovascular disease.
  • Along with Apo- A1 test or other lipid tests.
  • In cases of high triglyceride levels.

How is an Apolipoprotein B Test performed?

The Apolipoprotein B Test is a short procedure.

  • A vein is located, often inner arm and the area is cleaned.
  • A needle is used to draw blood from the vein.
  • An adhesive is placed after the sample is drawn.
  • The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing.
  • Diagnosis of rare cases oh inherited Apo-B deficiency.

What are the parameters measured in the Apolipoprotein B Test?

The Apolipoprotein B Test tests for excess in Apo- B which is one of the main components of LDL also known as bad cholesterol.

Preparation before performing Apolipoprotein B Test

The Apolipoprotein B Test does not require any fasting, but it is usually performed alongside of a lipid profile which requires 12 hours of fasting.

Post-care after Apolipoprotein B Test

The Apolipoprotein B Test does not have any side effects that require treatment or attention.

Sample types in Apolipoprotein B Test

  • 40-125 mg/dL: Normal Range
  • Less than 100 mg/dL: Desirable in low or intermediate risk.
  • Less than 80 mg/dL: Desirable in high-risk individuals.

Side Effects of Apolipoprotein B Test

The drawing of blood might make a few people feel dizzy.

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