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Anti Sperm Antibody

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Overview Brief

Anti Sperm Antibody test is used to detect special proteins that fight against sperm. These can be present in the bloodstream, vaginal fluids or semen.[1]

What is Anti Sperm Antibody?

Anti Sperm Antibody test is a lab test that is done to aid doctors in the detection antibodies that target sperm.

Why is Anti Sperm Antibody suggested?

Couples that have a problem in conceiving are usually asked to take the Anti Sperm Antibody test. The test helps in ruling out antibodies in the vaginal fluid or bloodstream as a reason for infertility.

Experts have varied opinions on the Anti Sperm Antibody test. Some believe that it is inconclusive.[2]

How is Anti Sperm Antibody performed?

Anti Sperm Antibody test is performed as follows:

  • In women, a blood sample is taken on which an immobilization test is performed.
  • In males, a semen sample is taken on which an immunobead test is performed.

What are the parameters measured in the Anti Sperm Antibody?

Anti Sperm Antibody measures the presence of antibodies in the given test sample.

  • 0-60 units/ml of antibodies in the sample is considered to be the normal value.
  • Above 60 units/ml is considered to be the elevated value.[3]

Preparation before performing Anti Sperm Antibody

There is no special preparation required for undergoing a Anti Sperm Antibody test.

Post-care after Anti Sperm Antibody

Anti Sperm Antibody test is a simple procedure. No special care is required post the sample for testing has been given.

A bandage may be required in case blood is drawn.

Sample types in Anti Sperm Antibody

Anti Sperm Antibody test is done on the following types of samples:-

  • A blood sample of females.
  • A sample of cervical mucus of females.
  • A sample of male sperm.[2]

Side effects/risks of Anti Sperm Antibody

Anti Sperm Antibody is a simple lab test hence, there are no side effects or risks of undergoing the test.

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