Anti-GBM Antibody

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Overview Brief

Anti-GBM Antibody test is to detect the presence of anti Glomerular Basement Membrane antibodies in the bloodstream.[1]

What is Anti-GBM Antibody?

Anti-GBM Antibody test is a lab test that detects the presence of Glomerular Basement Membrane antibodies. The presence of these antibodies is related to the distress of kidney and lungs.

Why is Anti-GBM Antibody suggested?

The Anti-GBM Antibody test is suggested under the following conditions:-

  • When there is the presence of anemia caused by excessive bleeding
  • Difficulty in breathing and chest pain.
  • Unexplained generic chills and illness with coughing up of blood.
  • Presence of sudden kidney problems or weight loss.

Anti-GBM Antibody is a rare autoimmune ailment.

How is Anti-GBM Antibody performed?

Anti-GBM Antibody test is performed as follows:

  • A blood sample is drawn from the patient.
  • The blood sample is tested for detectable levels of anticardiolipin antibodies.

What are the parameters measured in Anti-GBM Antibody?

Anti-GBM Antibody test measures the presence of anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies in the given test sample.[3]

  • Negative results mean that no Glomerular Basement Membrane antibodies were found in the patient’s bloodstream.
  • A positive result means that the antibodies are present in the bloodstream and may cause autoimmune conditions.

Preparation before performing Anti-GBM Antibody

The following points need to be taken into consideration before the Anti-GBM Antibody test:-

  • The patient may be asked to avoid eating or drinking for up to a few hours before the test is administered.
  • The patient must discuss their medical history with the doctor, like the use of prescription drugs or other diagnosed conditions.

Post-care after Anti-GBM Antibody

Anti-GBM Antibody test is a simple procedure. No special care is required post the sample for testing has been given.

A bandage may be required in case blood is drawn.

Sample types in Anti-GBM Antibody

Anti-GBM Antibody test is done only by the use of blood samples of patients.

Side effects/risks of Anti-GBM Antibody

Anti-GBM Antibody is a simple lab test hence, there are no side effects or risks of undergoing the test.

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