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Alanine Transaminase

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Overview

Alanine Transaminase (ALT) is an enzyme that is mainly found in the liver and kidney.

What is Alanine Transaminase?

The ALT level in the blood usually remains low. Any problem in the liver, like inflammatory or injured liver cells, can secrete more ALT than required. Elevated levels of ALT can lead to dire health issues.

Why is Alanine Transaminase suggested?

The ALT test is mainly required when the body shows symptoms that might prove that there is damage in the liver. These symptoms are usually noticeable; however, the test is performed based on the advice of the health practitioner. Some of the common symptoms of an elevation of ALT levels include abdominal swelling, pale stool color, dark urine, and chronic fatigue.

How is Alanine Transaminase performed?

The following steps are carried out in the ALT test:

  • A blood test is carried out as a blood sample of the respective patient in order to examine the ALT level.
  • The blood sample is sent to the laboratory for analysis.

What are the parameters measured in Alanine Transaminase?

In the case of males, the value of ALT ranges from 29 to 33 IU/L; in the case of females, it ranges from 19 to 25 IU/L.

Preparation required before Alanine Transaminase

The doctor may advise the patient to not eat or drink anything before the blood test is carried out.

Post-care after Alanine Transaminase

The patient is recommended to restore their diet after the blood test.

Sample types in the Alanine Transaminase test

It is normal if the ALT count is within the reference range. Higher than the normal ALT range indicates liver damage. Low levels of ALT usually indicates that the liver is normal.

Side effects of Alanine Transaminase

No risks are involved when it comes to an ALT test. However, the patient should follow the guidelines before the test that are given to him by the doctor and also take the necessary steps for treatment advised by the doctor after the analysis of the results.

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