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All you need to know about Protein Calorie Malnutrition

About


Medical conditions observed due to consumption of a deficit of proteins and calories.


Between 5% and 40% of children suffering from PCM die. (1)


- Occurs mostly in children and infants
- Self-Diagnosable
- Marasmus is the representation of how the body reacts to extreme starvation
- Kwashiorkor represents a maladaptive response to starvation


Protein Calorie Malnutrition affects the person’s body in two ways: Marasmus and Kwashiorkor. Both are diseases and affect an individual in different ways. Protein Calorie Malnutrition is dangerous as it increases the risk of death from pneumonia.


Symptoms



Diagnosis: Blood-glucose levels, Haemoglobin, Urine, stools, albumin, and electrolyte levels are tested. Physical deformities also help in diagnosing the condition.


Low Energy levels


low heart beats


Muscle wasting


Treatment


Self-care: The diet of the individual is revised with more intake of protein and calories. One should be hydrated, but not over-hydrated as it causes irregularities. Use of curd helps to lessen the effects of diarrhoea.


Medicines: Topical zinc pastes and oral zinc pastes are recommended. They repair the skin ulcerations formed in Kwashiorkor.


Specialists: No such special surgery is required in the case of protein-calorie malnutrition.
However, if the condition worsens, one should consult a doctor or a health professional.
mfine provides you with a suitable treatment plan for your optimum health.

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