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All you need to know about Protein Calorie Malnutrition

About

Medical conditions observed due to consumption of a deficit of proteins and calories.

Between 5% and 40% of children suffering from PCM die. (1)

- Occurs mostly in children and infants
- Self-Diagnosable
- Marasmus is the representation of how the body reacts to extreme starvation
- Kwashiorkor represents a maladaptive response to starvation

Protein Calorie Malnutrition affects the person’s body in two ways: Marasmus and Kwashiorkor. Both are diseases and affect an individual in different ways. Protein Calorie Malnutrition is dangerous as it increases the risk of death from pneumonia.

Symptoms

Diagnosis: Blood-glucose levels, Haemoglobin, Urine, stools, albumin, and electrolyte levels are tested. Physical deformities also help in diagnosing the condition.

Low Energy levels

low heart beats

Muscle wasting

Treatment

Self-care: The diet of the individual is revised with more intake of protein and calories. One should be hydrated, but not over-hydrated as it causes irregularities. Use of curd helps to lessen the effects of diarrhoea.

Medicines: Topical zinc pastes and oral zinc pastes are recommended. They repair the skin ulcerations formed in Kwashiorkor.

Specialists: No such special surgery is required in the case of protein-calorie malnutrition.
However, if the condition worsens, one should consult a doctor or a health professional.
mfine provides you with a suitable treatment plan for your optimum health.

Pediatrician

Dr. Gurmeet Soni Bhalla

Dr. Gurmeet Soni Bhalla

MBBS, DNB ( Pediatric ), Fellow in Allergy and Clinical immunology

23+ years exp

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Century Hospital

Hyderabad

Pediatrician

Dr. Raktima Chakrabarti

Dr. Raktima Chakrabarti

MD- Pediatrics

22+ years exp

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Cloudnine Clinic

Gurugram

Pediatrician

Dr. Eash Hoskote

Dr. Eash Hoskote

DNB - Paediatrics,Diploma in Child Health (DCH),(Boston, USA), MBBS

21 years exp

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Ovum Hospital, Banashankari

Bangalore

Pediatrician

Dr. Meena Venkatraman

Dr. Meena Venkatraman

MBBS, MD (Pediatrics)

20+ years exp

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Cloudnine Hospital, Old Airport Road

Bangalore

Pediatrician

Dr. Rupesh Kulwal

Dr. Rupesh Kulwal

MBBS, DCH, FCPS, MD

19+ years exp

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Shree Hospital

Pune

Pediatrician

Dr. Zahid Ul Kareem

Dr. Zahid Ul Kareem

MBBS, MRCPCH, FISCCM, DCH, FCPS

18+ years exp

...More

Ankura Hospital for Women & Children

Hyderabad

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