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Unilateral primary osteoarthritis: All we need to know


Osteoarthritis occurs mainly because of aging. It is a chronic joint disorder of cartilage.

Among over 100 types of arthritis, most commonly occurring arthritis is osteoarthritis.

There are mainly two types of osteoarthritis:
- Primary osteoarthritis: Develops because of aging
- Secondary osteoarthritis: Develops because of obesity, injury, and genetics, etc.

- Not self-treatable
- Self-diagnosable
- Laboratory tests and imaging may be required
- Chronic: Can persists for years and can be lifelong

Osteoarthritis mainly affects people around 55 or 60 years of age. Before age 45, it occurs majorly in males, and after 55 years of age, it occurs mainly in females.


There is no specific cause of primary osteoporosis identified. It mainly occurs because of aging. It mainly affects the hands, feet, spine, hips, and knees.


- Pain in the affected joints such as knees, hips, spine, finger joints, ankle, wrist, and shoulders. It can also cause pain in other parts of the body.
- Swelling and creaking of joints
- Pain getting worse after a longer duration of inactivity such as sitting in the same position or posture for some time.

People may experience Loss of range of motion and limited mobility.
Also common: Tenderness of joints. Joints may seem to be tender on applying little pressure on it.

Diagnosis and treatment

- Blood tests are done to distinguish between primary and secondary osteoarthritis. Blood tests exclude factors that can cause osteoarthritis and other causes that may lead to osteoarthritis.
- Doctor may recommend an X-ray of the affected joints.
- Arthrocentesis can also be done to exclude certain other causes and infections that may cause osteoarthritis. It is a procedure in which joint fluid is removed and analyzed for the cause of arthritis.


Self-care: Maintain a healthy weight and avoid activities that exert excessive pressure on the joints. Doing regular exercises, taking proper rest, and controlling diet are some measures that can help to prevent pain and swelling.

Medication: Physical therapy and knee braces may be suggested by the doctor. The doctor may also recommend medicines and anti-inflammatory lotions to reduce inflammation and pain.

Specialists: For further concern, consult a doctor or an orthopedist. At mfine, you will receive a holistic treatment plan for optimum health.

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