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Knee osteoarthritis:

About:

Knee Osteoarthritis refers to a condition in which the cartilage surrounding the knee bone gets worn and torn causing swelling and pain in joints.

If someone in the family had osteoarthritis, then this could be hereditary. [1]

- Lab tests or imaging are required
- Requires medical diagnosis
- Treatable by a medical professional
- Common in people aged over 50 years

We have slippery tissue called cartilage present at the ends of bones, which helps the bones to glide over each other. This helps our joints to work smoothly. In osteoarthritis, the top layer of our cartilage around the joints starts to wear away and the bones start to rub over each other. This may cause swelling, pain and less movement in our joint. Finally, this may result in lose the shape and may develop bone spurs on edges of joints.

Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis. Causes:
1. Excess weight may result in more strain on knee joints.
2. Repetitive stress may also be a reason for this.

Symptoms:

1. Due to the swelling in joints, this makes knee joint less flexible and stiff
2. After sleeping and sitting for a long time, knee joint may become stiffer
3. When cartilage is worn away then bones rub each other and results in knee swelling
4. A crunching or popping sound when bending the knee

Treatment:

Self-care:
There are non-surgical and surgical treatments for this, some of the non-surgical treatments are physical therapy and exercises, weight loss, using warming par or whirlpool to relieve the stiffness in the knee joint. Knee surgery also helps.

Medications:
Pain relievers such can be consumed. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also suggested. Hyaluronic acid injections, supportive devices, and orthotics could be used. Taking supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate which is naturally our body’s cartilage also helps.

Specialist:
Consult an orthopedic for medical help. mfine is at your service and we provide you with a wide network of doctors to choose from.
Find us at https://www.mfine.co/

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