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Testicular cancer: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments


Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles of a man which are located inside the scrotum that produces male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.
Testicular cancer is more common in men aged above 20. [1]

- Requires a medical diagnosis
- Affects only men.
- Causes are unclear.
- Curable
- Can be medically treated
- Lab tests, imaging are always required.
The condition occurs when the healthy cells in a testicle get altered. Sometimes these healthy cells develop abnormalities, causing their uncontrollable growth. These cancer cells continue to divide even when unneeded. Nearly all testicular cancers begin in the germ cells that produce immature sperms.
The risk factors include undescended testicle. For example, if a testicle has not moved down when a male is born or males born with congenital abnormalities of the penis, kidneys or testicles.


People may experience the following:
1. A lump in either of the testicles
2. A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
3. Dull ache in abdomen or groin
4. Feeling of heaviness, pain in the scrotum.


Self-care: Regular self-exams and checkups are recommended.
Medications: Cancer drugs are useful in treating or easing symptoms.
Specialists: Consult an endocrinologist for other concerns. In serious cases, surgeries like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, radical inguinal orchiectomy (surgery to remove your testicle) and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes) are necessary. At mfine, you can get a comprehensive treatment plan for optimum health.

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