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Pleomorphic Adenoma: Symptoms and Treatment

About

Pleomorphic adenomas are benign tumors of the parotid gland, which affect its superficial lobe. Parotid gland is the main salivary gland, which is affected in this condition.

The salivary gland neoplasms occupy a spot between 45% and 75% of the total neoplasms of salivary glands.(1)

- The tumor affects primarily women between the age 30 and 50 years. It gradually progresses in size with the increasing age.
- Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common type of adenoma of the salivary gland.
- Some pleomorphic adenomas can be potentially malignant.

The tumor consists of three components that are important to get identified for confirming the adenoma.
- Epithelial cell component
- Myoepithelial cell component
- Mesenchymal component

Symptom

The diagnosis of this adenoma is primarily done through the radiographic images and tissue sampling. Some symptoms exhibited are as follows:
- Dysphagia
- Dyspnea
- Hoarseness
- Epistaxis

Treatment

Self-care:
There is barely any self-care one can do to help the condition.

Medications:
Pleomorphic adenomas can be very well-treated with surgery. However, the chances of reappearing loom large. Depending on the size and location of the adenoma, doctors may suggest treatments.
- Chemotherapy: Although the chances of it being beneficial are few, it may be tried.
- Radiotherapy: This is more promising and has more success rates than chemotherapy.
- Postoperative radiation therapy is the most effective.

Specialists: mfine team always assures that their clients/patients get the best of the treatments available along with the entire understanding of their medical condition. Call to know the details of the treatment programs.

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