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Syncope and Collapse: Know everything about it

About


Syncope is the medical term used for sudden loss of consciousness or fainting.



Syncope, accounts approximately 1%-6% of acute hospital medical admissions, and nearly 3% visit to emergency departments, affecting 6 per 1000 people per year. [1]


Also called- Unconsciousness, collapse, passing out or fainting


- A common medical problem.
- Common in men and women with similar incidence.
- Risk increases with age.
- Short-term and can be easily treated.


Causes are structural heart disease, bradycardia, tachycardia, hypotension, certain medication and drug, alcohol, overeating, dehydration, heavy sweating. Diagnosis includes an evaluation of patient’s medical history, physical exam, an electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, electrophysiology (EP) study, exercise stress test, tilt table (head-up tilt test), event monitor, holter monitor, hemodynamic testing, blood volume determination, autonomic reflex testing.


Symptoms:


The common symptom includes fainting and blacking out.



People may experience
Dizziness
Palpitations
Feeling lightheaded
Sudden onset of headache
Chest and back pain
Changes in vision
Low blood pressure
Nausea


Treatment


Self-Care: Healthy diet, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, wearing supportable garments, extra fluid intake
Medications: Beta Blockers, Fludrocortisone acetate and serotonin inhibitors can be used.



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