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Angioneurotic Edema: All we need to know

About


Swelling with itchy and raised red welts on skin called hives.


Angioneurotic edema occurs due to inherited genetic mutation. (1)


- Treatable by a medical professional
- Requires medical diagnosis
- Laboratory tests and imaging are always required
- Spreads genetically
- Chronic: The swelling attacks are recurring


Angioneurotic edema is a hereditary disease. It is also as Quincke’s disease. The person lacks an inhibitor protein called C1 esterase inhibitor that prevents swelling of angioedema. It is established by C1 esterase inhibitor testing and checking levels of complement components, including C2 and C4.


Symptoms


The symptoms are mostly similar to that of angioedema.


Medically-diagnosable
People may experience
Swelling: With red rashes in localized area on or near the feet, hands, eyes, or lips
Pain areas: Abdomen, with cramps
Throat: Gets swollen
Breathing: Becomes difficult


Treatment


Self-care: Apply cool, wet compresses to soothe the skin and ease itching. Wear loose cotton clothes to prevent further irritation of the skin. Bath in comfortably cool water.


Medication: Antihistamines and nonsteroidals called leukotriene antagonists to prevent recurring attacks; purified human C1 esterase inhibitor, fresh frozen plasma, etc. are medications for regulating protein levels and relieving the symptoms.

Specialists: In this type of angioedema, when the attacks occur the doctor has to be seeked urgently. The doctor will go for an emergency injection of epinephrine - a type of adrenaline to heal the symptoms. We at mfine are there with our expert doctors only a minute away from you, reach out to us for help in all kinds of health issues.

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