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What is pregnancy related anemia?

About


Anemia is the insufficiency of healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your tissues and to the baby during pregnancies.


Women who intake daily antenatal iron supplementation are less likely to have iron deficiency anemia during their pregnancy.[1]


- It can be diagnosed through hemoglobin or hematocrit tests
- Although the patient does not have anemia at the beginning of the pregnancy, another test in the second or third trimester is recommended.
- All pregnant women are at risk for becoming anemic.
- Serious complications include preterm delivery.


During pregnancy, the body produces more blood to support the growth of your baby. In case of unmet requirements of iron or certain other nutrients, the body might not be able to produce the number of red blood cells it needs to make the additional blood for the baby.


Symptoms


- Weakness or fatigue
- Dizziness
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Chest pain
- Pale skin, lips, and nails
- Cold hands and feet
- Trouble concentrating


Treatment


Self-care: Iron or vitamin supplements should be added to the daily routine. Foods rich in folic acid should also be introduced to the diet.


Medication: Iron, folic acid, and B12 supplements in addition to prenatal vitamins may be required.
Blood transfusions may be required in severe cases.


Specialists: A hematologist may be referred to. Frequent visits to the doctor should be made for blood tests after a specific period of time to check the hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Optimum care can be found at mfine for suitable treatment by a hematologist for pregnancy anemia.

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