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Pre-eclampsia: All you need to know

About


Pre-eclampsia is a medical condition that occurs in pregnant women.
Pre-eclampsia is diagnosed in approximately 8-10% of pregnant women in India. [1]
- Treatable only by a medical professional
- Needs a medical diagnosis
- Laboratory tests and/or imaging required
- Short-term: Resolves within days to weeks


It is characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to the liver and kidneys. In most cases, pre-eclampsia usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy in women with regular blood pressure.


Symptoms


Pre-eclampsia is not self-diagnosable.
One of the most prominent symptoms of pre-eclampsia is rising blood pressure. Regular medical check-ups are necessary to find the existence of the condition.
Some other symptoms of pre-eclampsia are as follows:


- Excess protein deposit found in urine
- Severe headache
- Temporary loss of vision, blurred vision, or abnormal sensitivity to light
- Vomiting
- Pain in the upper abdomen
- Decreased urine output
- Impaired liver functionality


Treatment


Self-care
During pregnancy, routine medical check-ups to ensure blood pressure levels are normal is mandatory.



Medications
Medications that lower blood pressure, called antihypertensives, may be prescribed. Some antihypertensives are not safe to use during pregnancy. Please consult a medical professional before use.


Specialist
If pre-eclampsia is diagnosed toward the end of your pregnancy going into labor straight away may be recommended. Please consult a gynecologist for more details.
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