What is Menorrhagia?
Menorrhagia refers to heavy menstrual bleeding, usually owing to underlying medical conditions or medication side-effects. Such menstrual bleeding lasts for 7 days or more and can hamper a woman's daily function due to excessive bleeding and painful menstrual cramps. Heavy period bleeding is a common concern as many women fear that they may experience severe blood loss. However, Menorrhagia typically involves a woman changing her sanitary napkin or tampon or period cup every hour, with blood soaking through the cotton and passes more than the usual amount of blood clots. Incidentally, this heavy period bleeding could lead to anaemia, extreme fatigue, and difficulty breathing.
Menorrhagia causes are due to a number of reasons. Some of the common causes of menorrhagia are a hormonal imbalance due to PCOS or thyroid issues, ovaries that fail to release an egg during the menstrual cycle, benign tumours on the uterus when the woman is in her prime years, polyps or growths on the lining of the ovaries, pregnancy-related issues such as a miscarriage, bleeding disorders that have been inherited, and in the worst cases, cancer of the uterine walls or ovaries.
Menorrhagia treatment should be included as and when the pain becomes unbearable. Anaemia is when the iron levels in the body go low, often due to severe blood loss. Iron deficiency anaemia could result in extreme fatigue, weakness, pale skin, low energy levels, etc. This is accompanied by severe pain causing immediate menorrhagia treatment.
What happens when you go to a gynaecologist?
Menorrhagia treatment can only begin once certain tests are done. These tests include:
- A blood test to check for anaemia
- A pap smear test to check for any inflammation or infection in the cervix
- An ultrasound to check the blood flow, and endometrial biopsy to check the lining of the uterus.
- In severe cases, menorrhagia treatment could be surgical wherein the uterus lining is removed or the heavy bleeding period is controlled or in extreme cases, the entire uterus is removed.
- There are other methods for menorrhagia treatment including having iron supplements, ibuprofen, drugs with estrogen, and birth control pills.
Menorrhagia is a common condition affecting women and shouldn’t be something one should be shy or ashamed of. When in pain, visit a gynaecologist and get treatment for your condition. Through the mfine app, you can schedule an instant consultation with top gynecologists.