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The dysmenorrheal is the pain or cramps in the pelvis or the lower abdomen and occurs with the onset of the menstrual cycle among women. Though it is entirely reasonable to experience such symptoms every month and generally has no underlying problems, still the chance of an affliction can’t be ruled out. Therefore, consulting a gynecologist is always advisable for such scenarios.
Dysmenorrhea symptoms are common among women who are facing the onset of their periods. Such a condition shows the following characteristics:
- Aching pain
- Feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen
- Pain in the hips, lower back, and inner thighs
- Upset stomach, sometimes with vomiting
- Loose stools
- Painful pelvic cramps at the start of the period
- Frequent mood swings
Causes of the Dysmenorrhea
Many factors can result in such a problem. A few dysmenorrhea causes that affect a woman during menstruation are listed below:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Uterus contraction
- Sloughing of the uterus during the menstrual period
- Unhealthy diet
- Stress-related problems
- Starting menstruation before 12 years of age
- Alcohol, smoking and other bad habits
- Lack of proper exercise
Dysmenorrhea and other Diseases
Dysmenorrhea associated with the onset of the monthly menstrual cycle is generally harmless so to speak, and the symptoms disappear within a few days after the conclusion of a menstrual period. However, due to a weakened immunity state of the body, there is a high chance that the person may contract diseases such as Sexually Transmitted Infection, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, etc. Therefore, in the time of occurrence of such events, it is essential to consult a gynecologist for treatment.
The diagnosis of such affliction by the dysmenorrhea specialist is undertaken using the medical history of the patient and the frequency of the occurrence of the pain along with its intensity. The doctor may suggest dietary reforms and encourage desisting from bad habits to deal with the problem.
Specialists generally undertake Dysmenorrhea treatment by using laboratory testing, laparoscopy and gynecological ultrasonography. Medications like NSAIDs, hormonal birth control, etc., may be prescribed as well.
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