An ulcer may form on any part of the body. The most common places on the body one may find an ulcer is the stomach and the digestive tract. This doesn’t mean that ulcers aren’t formed on other parts of the body. Ulcers on the leg are not very common but can be treated and diagnosed if the right expert is contacted. One of the most common risk factors for such ulcers is diabetes. We recommend you get yourself tested at the earliest so that our medical experts can guide you accordingly. The three most common types of leg ulcers are venous ulcers, arterial ulcers and martorell ulcers.
1. Venous ulcers
Venous ulcers or venous stasis ulcers are the most common types of ulcers found on the legs of Indians. These types of ulcers arise in almost 90% of all cases. Venous leg ulcers usually affect one or both legs and are often found on the part of the leg below the knees. If you have a shin ulcer, it is highly likely that it is of this type. These types of ulcers usually take very long to heal due to the limb having a weak blood circulation. Clean eating and maintaining an optimal weight may assist the body in fighting such conditions.
Venous leg ulcers are skin ulcers on legs that appear when the veins of the legs aren’t able to send enough blood back to the heart. This condition usually arises due to another underlying condition such as a clot in the vein. A clot in the vein does not allow the blood to move from the foot to the heart, causing an opposite flow of blood. Since there is lesser blood leaving the foot, there is an increased pressure at the end of the leg. This increase in pressure may cause the skin of the legs to weaken, making it tougher for the body to heal a cut or scrape.
2. Arterial ulcers
The main difference between arterial leg ulcers and venous stasis ulcers is that the former develops when there is damage caused to the arteries of the foot due to inadequate blood flow to the tissue while the latter develops when the vein of the foot is damaged when there is a deficit of blood pumped to the heart from the foot.
When arteries are clogged, the requisite amount of nutrients and oxygen isn’t supplied to the tissues. When such a blockage occurs in the foot, open wounds are formed in the form of arterial leg ulcers. To make sure that you are in the best condition in India, carrying out full body checks is a good practice. Usually, a block in the artery is removed with an angioplasty. After an angioplasty, the patient must follow a strict diet with restrictions
3. Martorell ulcers
Martorell ulcers develop on the lower leg. The reason for these ulcers is poorly controlled high blood pressure and are also called Martorell’s hypertensive ulcers. Such ulcers can be very painful at times and may make life difficult for patients in India. Studies have even indicated that this type of ulcer may even occur in people who suffer from diabetes mellitus.
These types of ulcers commonly occur on the back of the lower part of the leg just above the ankles. These ulcers usually appear as painful red blisters or patches that later turn blue. Usually, this type of ulcer will need to be detected clinically. When a patient with longstanding high blood pressure reports of painful ulcers on the lower part of the legs. Refer to more of our medical guides for information on nutrition and diet remedies for similar conditions.
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