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What is Thyromegaly? All That You Need to Know


A condition where a person’s thyroid gland is abnormally enlarged.

Enlarged thyroid rarely develops into cancer. Studies show that about 8% of thyroid nodules in men and 4% in women may progress to be cancerous. [1]

- Requires medical diagnosis
- Prevalent more among women than men
- Is curable within months
- Needs lab examinations
- Serious cases may require surgery

Thyromegaly or goiter is a common disorder where the thyroid gland is enlarged abnormally. It is mostly caused by iodine deficiency. It can cause difficulty in swallowing and breathing.

Ages affected – Mostly prevalent among women who are above 40 years


The swollen thyroid gland is often visible on the outer surface of the neck. While this can be self-diagnosed, symptoms such as coughing, a feeling of tightness in neck as well as difficulty in swallowing should definitely be reported to a doctor.

People may experience
A visibly inflamed and swollen neck base
Severe cough
Difficulty in swallowing and eating
Pronounced tightness in one’s throat


Self-care: As the condition is mostly caused due to iodine deficiency, a diet with a good amount of iodine will help.

Medication: A hormone test, a thyroid test and ultrasonography may be recommended to diagnose the condition. Depending on the severity, the doctor may recommend medicines for thyroid hormone replacement. If the goiter or swelling is very big, surgery may be required to remove part of the thyroid gland.

Specialists: In case of any symptoms, you will have to consult a doctor immediately. We at mfine are here to provide you support for all your medical requirements and provide you a suitable health program.

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