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All you need to know Sjogrens Syndrome

About

Sjogren's (SHOW-smiles) syndrome is a disease affecting the immune system which is distinguished by its two most basic signs— dry eyes and a dry mouth.

Sjogren’s Syndrome mostly affects people who are older than 40 years and is also very common among women. [1]

- Requires medical examination.
- Can be difficult to diagnose.
- Chronic condition which can’t be cured but can be managed.
- Can last for lifetime.

This condition frequently goes with other immune system issues, for example, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. The mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands are generally affected first — bringing about reduced tears and saliva.

Symptoms

- Dry eyes- eyes might itch and burn.
- Dry mouth- difficulty in speaking and swallowing.
- Joint pain and swelling.
- Rashes on the skin and dry skin.
- Fatigue

Treatment

Self-care: Taking over-the-counter eye drops and drinking more water helps. Increasing indoor humidity, fluid intake and taking a nasal saline spray also aides in managing the symptoms.
Medication: The doctor may prescribe medication like prescription eye drops to decrease eye inflammation and medications to increase the production of saliva.
Specialists: Surgery is considered as the last resort in serious cases of sjogren’s syndrome.
For severe cases, consult a specialist.
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