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Sialodenitits: A Rare Disease

About


An inflammatory infection of the salivary gland.


The glands in front of the ear and under the chin are most commonly affected. [1]


- Treatable by medical professionals
- Medical diagnosis is required
- Lab tests and imaging are done
- Short term, but can be chronic in rare cases


Viral or bacterial infection of Sialadenitis is caused by decreased flow of saliva, or consequently to a stone or kink in the salivary duct. Immunosuppression, malnourishment, dehydration, or recovery from an injury also increases the risk of this disease.


Ages affected: 50-70 years - Most affected


Symptoms


Clinically-diagnosable


People may experience
Swelling: in the affected areas, near the ear or chin
Affected gland becomes firm or tender
Overlying skin shows redness
Pus: Drains from gland into the mouth
Pain: Unilateral, in the affected area
Fever: With chills


Treatment


Self-care: Drink a lot of fluids, or foods and drinks that create saliva like lemon juice, candy, etc. Warm compresses or gland massage is also helpful. If abscess are formed, drain them and maintain good oral hygiene.


Medications: Antistaphylococcal antibiotics are given if infection is bacterial. Glycopeptide antibiotics may also be prescribed.


Specialists: Submandibular gland excision or a superficial parotidectomy are surgical options in chronic or severe cases. Sialadenopathy with placement of laryngeal mask airway is also an effective treatment option. mfine partners with the best hospitals and allows you to choose from the best doctors thereof; come on board and benefit with us.

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