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Myalgia for evaluation: A reference to pain management

About


Myalgia is a deep, constant, dull ache or a sharp, sporadic ache in the muscles.


Affects about 7 to 20 million people in the United States each year.(1)


- Can be diffuse (systemic) myalgia or localized myalgia
- Can be chronic and devastating
- Characterized by continuing, debilitating fatigue, chronic widespread pain particularly in the muscles
- Associated with a variety of other illnesses such as temporomandibular disorder, irritable bowel syndrome, and multiple chemical sensitivity


Myalgia is of many types depending on location, genetic makeup, history of generic activity, medications, other medical conditions, etc. Some common causes include too much stress; tension; high physical activity; overusing a particular muscle; injury to muscle; medications used in chemotherapy and joint pain, statins, ACE inhibitors, or cocaine; and infection in the blood, flu, bacterial infections, inflammation in muscle, etc.


Age affected: Because myalgia manifests in various forms and is caused by various reasons, there is no defined age group and can affect anyone. Elderly patients are more at risk.


Symptoms


Self-diagnosable
People may feel
- Mild or severe, localized or widespread pain lasting from few minutes to chronic pain with/without fever and chills (in case of infection)
- Fatigue
- Depression


Treatment


Self-care:
- Keep a diary of your pain. Note down onset, quality, location, intensity, duration, character, and relieving factors of the pain and your mood around the time of the pain.
- Keep your bowels in movement – eat appropriately.
- Take deep breaths consciously.
- Take physical therapy is important. Exercise and warm compress can help to an extent.
- Meditate, relax physically and mentally.


Medication
Myalgia is commonly treated symptomatically. Common treatments include the use of antibiotics, antidepressants, corticosteroids, and narcotics.


Specialists:
Chiropractors, physiatrists, rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists, acupuncturists, osteopathic doctors, and neurologists can be consulted. If symptoms worsen or do not improve within 2 days of therapy, seek medical help. If spinal cord compression or hypercalcemia is suspected, contact a specialist immediately. At mfine, we feature highly qualified specialist for consultation and further treatment.

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