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About

Disorders that lead to progressive muscle mass loss and consequent loss of muscle strength

Common forms of muscular dystrophy typically affect young males. However, the main cause can affect as rarely as 1 in every 5,000 males.[1]

- It cannot be self-diagnosed.
- Treatment options are not available.
- Imaging and tests like enzyme test and genetic testing may be required.
- Physical examination along with other body fluid tests may be needed.

Muscular dystrophy is caused due to genetic mutations. The mutation in the gene is responsible for barring the production of protein responsible for healthy muscle formation. These causes are usually associated with family history. There is as of now no cure for the disease.

Symptoms

Not self-diagnosable – a physical checkup along with other body fluid checkup by a healthcare practitioner can only confirm the prevalence of the disease.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common and is associated with pain and stiff muscles, toe walking, difficulty in movement, frequent falls, etc.
With the passing time, inability to walk, shortening of muscle-tendon may happen.
Weakening of heart muscles results in cardiac problems.

Treatment

Self-Care: The patient can be given support to cope up with the symptoms. There is no cure for the disease.

Medicines: Medication in this case is aided to lessen the progress of the disease.
Corticosteroids are given to increase muscle endurance.
Beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are given to strengthen the heart.
Physical therapy: Exercises and treatment are given to help strengthen the muscles.

Specialists: The neurologic department and orthopedic surgeon shall deal with this type of disease. At mfine, you can expect the best healthcare support.

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