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What is Hypo-osmolar And Hyponatremia?


Low sodium content in the blood (Hyponatremia) with impaired water excretion.

Acute hyponatremia requires speedy treatment while chronic hyponatremia generally has mild symptoms. (#1)

1. Treatable by medical professionals
2. Medical diagnosis is required
3. Lab tests and imaging are done
4. Can be acute or chronic

Increased levels of antidiuretic hormones(ADH) cause the water to be retained rather than expelled. Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone secretion (SIADH) is parallel to this where sodium content in the blood gets diluted due to excess water. Hypo-osmolality and hyponatremia is a common occurrence in patients already admitted. Age, intensive physical activities and some medication constitute the risk factors.


1. Confusion, disorientation and delirium
2. Headaches
3. Nausea and vomiting
4. Swelling in hands, legs, and feet
5. Pulmonary edema - inflammation of the respiratory tract
6. Generalized seizures, coma


1. Less fluid intake
2. Salt-tabs and sports beverages with electrolytes for activities involving exertion.

Medications: Vasopressin antagonists are quite effective with fewer side-effects. Diuretics and vaptans are other options and 3% NaCl is given in severe cases.

Specialists: Consult a doctor if the symptoms are evident and the condition worsens. At mfine, we provide accurate diagnosis and comprehensive treatment plans for all health concerns under a team of qualified doctors.

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