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Cold Sores: Symptoms and Treatment


Also known as Herpes Labialis or fever blisters are blisters that develop on the lip, nose, chin or at anywhere around the mouth. A kind of viral infection which is very common.

Affects more than 10 million people per year in India itself. This infection can affect individuals belonging to any age group from 0-60 and above. However, more commonly noticed in young adults and adults.(1)

- Can be generally self-diagnosed
- Treatment options are available
- Lab tests are not usually required
- Can resolve within two weeks but may turn out to be chronic and can last lifelong

Cold sores, or fever blisters, is a condition that is caused by viral infection. Herpes Simplex Virus is responsible for its cause. It spreads easily through skin contact such as through oral sex. It becomes more contagious if the blisters ooze or through sharing of the towel, eating utensils or razors.


A sore throat
Pain in the gum, head and muscles
Redness,itching and pain of the blisters
Swelling of neck glands
Itching in the area of blister formation


Self-care- Avoid popping the blister. In case it is popped, wash the area with mild soap and warm water, before using antibiotic cream and covering it with a bandage.

Medicines- Doctors may recommend the use of antiviral medicines or creams. Sometimes painkillers are also suggested to reduce pain. Applying cold-compress and pain relieving creams might also help to deal with the pain.

Specialists- In case the sore is large, itchy and painful and doesn’t heal with home remedies, one must consult a doctor. For other concerns, consult a dermatologist. At mfine, you will receive a holistic treatment plan for optimum health.

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