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Recurring vomiting and diarrhea? Check for foodborne intoxication

About


Illness caused by food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, parasites or toxins, marked by mild to serious gastrointestinal symptoms.


The WHO estimates that almost 1 in 10 people fall ill from eating contaminated foods and causes 420,000 deaths every year globally, where about 30% are children under the age of 5 [2].


- Spreads through contaminated food or water
- Self-treatable and self-diagnosable
- Lab tests or imaging rarely required
- Short-term: resolves within days to weeks


Common risk factors include:
- Spoiled canned meat, poultry, fruits and vegetables
- Home-made fermented foods that are eaten without adequate cooking
- Spoiled foods bought from open vendors


Symptoms


- Pain areas: in the abdomen or rectum
- Whole body: chills, dehydration, dizziness, fatigue, fever, light-headedness, loss of appetite, malaise, or sweating
- Gastrointestinal: bloating, diarrhea, gagging, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, or stomach cramps
Also common: a headache or weakness
- Duration of fever lasts from 24-72 hours. In chronic cases, it can last up to 10 days.
- Nerve paralysis, great muscular weakness, double vision, respiratory failure, and death


Duration of illness is 1–10 days. Mortality is high up to 60%–100% of an affected person.


Treatment


Self-care
Most food poisoning is mild and resolves without treatment. Ensuring adequate hydration is the most important aspect of the treatment. Oral rehydration solution made at home or available at medical stores give relief. Avoid hard, spicy and irritant foods that may trigger the gastrointestinal tract.


Medication
The physician may recommend anti-diarrheal and multivitamin medication
Specialists
Foodborne intoxication is as deadly as one can think of. Medical aid as soon as the symptoms develop, is required from expert gastroenterologists. mfine helps you connect with experienced physicians to treat and reduce the disease.

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