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Acute Prostatitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

About

Acute Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland in men. It is caused by the bacteria that also cause Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).

Only men can suffer from this. Though it can affect any age group, it is more likely to affect men between the age group of 30-35 years. About 10% of the cases of prostatitis can include Acute Prostatitis.[1]

Acute Prostatitis:

  • Is treatable by a medical professional
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Requires lab tests or imaging
  • Can be resolved if treated early

Acute Prostatitis is often caused by common strains of bacteria. When the bacteria in the urine leak into the prostate, it may lead to acute prostatitis. A nerve damage in the lower urinary tract can also cause the condition.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Acute Prostatitis may include:

  • Fever or chills
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Painful urination with foul smelling urine
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Blood in your semen
  • Discomfort during bowel movements
  • Pain above the pubic bone
  • Pain in the genitals, testicles, or the rectum
  • It can be diagnosed by a DRE i.e. a digital rectal examination, blood tests, urine culture, cystoscopy etc.

Treatment

Self-care: Avoiding alcohol, caffeine, spicy, and acidic foods can help reduce the inflammation. Along with this, sitting on a pillow or donut cushion, taking warm baths, and avoiding bicycling or wearing padded shorts can help reduce the pressure on the prostate.
Medication: After a thorough examination, doctors may prescribe antibiotics for a few weeks, alpha-blockers like Doxazosin, Terazosin, and Tamsulosin. The doctor may also recommend pain relievers.
Specialists: In the case of acute prostatitis, it is advised to consult a urologist at the earliest.
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