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What is oligozoospermia or oligospermia?

Oligozoospermia is when the number of sperm in a semen sample is unusually low, more than what is considered to be the normal count. This can be one of the reasons for male infertility. A man is diagnosed with oligozoospermia when his semen sample has less than 15 million sperm per millilitre. More often than not, it is the type of lifestyle that affects the amount of sperm in the semen.

The classification of oligozoospermia can be as follows:

  • Mild oligospermia which ranges from 10 to 15 million sperm/mL.
  • Moderate oligospermia which ranges from 5 to 10 million sperm/mL.
  • Severe oligospermia when sperm counts fall between 0 and 5 million sperm/mL.

Approximately half of all infertility problems are caused by problems of infertility in men. While causative factors and reasons for male infertility exist, many cases, as high as 60%, are found with unexplained infertility and low sperm count. At the same time, there are many reasons why a man’s sperm count is abnormally low in a semen sample, causing infertility in men. Some of the reasons which can be a cause of infertility are:

Other factors that can present symptoms of infertility in men include the use of certain medications including drugs for testosterone replacement therapy, genetic problems, varicoceles and any previous surgeries to the testicles.

The condition of oligozoospermia can be diagnosed with Lab tests are required.

Since the amount of sperm in a sample of semen can fluctuate, more than one sample will have to be taken to conclude that it could be a reason for male infertility. It is also important to rule out that a change in lifestyle to include healthier habits will not help increase sperm count before starting other treatments for oligozoospermia.

Symptoms of oligozoospermia:

The most common symptom of oligozoospermia is the inability to conceive. Here are the other common symptoms that can be associated with conditions that can cause oligospermia:

Treatment for oligozoospermia

Healthy lifestyle
Leading a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in preventing and treating infertility in men. Avoiding smoking and the consumption of alcohol is a healthy habit, as doing so can significantly affect the sperm count. Moreover, a man should maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly. A good diet helps in a healthier count of sperm and with medical assistance, the count can grow.

Medication
The individual cause of oligospermia must be determined and treated accordingly to the symptoms. In severe cases, an IVF specialist may be brought in to employ techniques like Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) which may be recommended by fertility specialists. Sperm-washing and intrauterine insemination (also known as artificial insemination) are other alternatives.

Specialists
With the help of mfine, you can connect with expert physicians for a holistic treatment approach. After determining the reasons for male infertility, our expert fertility doctors online recommend personalized top fertility specialists online. Find the best fertility doctors on mfine. Our doctors provide online fertility consultation with proper care and prepare a personalized preliminary treatment plan for patients with this sensitive condition.

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