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Inability to conceive: Know about oligozoospermia

About


When a man has lesser than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen which includes the ability to get and maintain an erection while producing ejaculation during an orgasm.


Approximately half of all infertility problems are caused by male-factors.
The low sperm count of unknown cause occurs in up to 60% of men with unexplained infertility [1]


- Self-diagnosable during inability to conceive
- Lab tests are required
- Can be long-termed
- Can be treated by a physician


Causative factors include hormonal imbalance, certain medications including testosterone replacement therapy, genetic problem, varicoceles and any previous surgeries to the testicles.
The oligozoospermia can be:
- Mild oligospermia which ranges from 10 to 15 million sperm/mL.
- Moderate oligospermia which ranges from 5 to 10 million sperm/mL.
- Severe oligospermia when sperm counts fall between 0 and 5 million sperm/mL.


Symptoms


Inability to conceive


Treatment


Self-care
Do not consume alcohol or smoke tobacco. Maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly.


Medication
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) can be prescribed by the physician. In severe cases, IVF techniques including Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be recommended. Sperm-washing and intrauterine insemination are other alternatives.


Specialists
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