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Down Syndrome, Trisomy 21, Non-Mosaicism: How To Raise A Kid With Down Syndrome


Down Syndrome, which is also known as Trisomy 21, refers to a medical condition where abnormal cell division can lead to an extra copy of chromosome 21.

Studies by the National Down Syndrome reveal that around one in 700 babies in the US have Down Syndrome.[1]

- Recent technological advances help individuals with Down Syndrome to live normally.
- There are certain risk factors to Down Syndrome like mothers over the age 35 are more prone to give birth to babies having Down Syndrome. Family history and diseases like Alzheimer’s and Epilepsy also play a major role.
There are three types of Down Syndrome, which are as follows,
Trisomy 21, Translocation and Mosaicism.

Trisomy 21: Accounts for the majority of Down Syndrome cases.
Mosaicism: Less common.
Down Syndrome can be better managed with a early intervention.


- The symptoms differ from one person to other. From cognitive delay, behavioral, digestive and intellectual disability, each individual with Down Syndrome is unique. Some common symptoms of Down Syndrome include:
- Flattened face
- Small head and abnormally shaped ears
- Bulging tongue
- Short neck
- Excessive flexibility
- Short height
- Low muscle tone
- Children having Down Syndrome are more prone to health defects like heart defects, loss of hearing, sleep apnea, etc.
- Diagnosis is mostly done prenatally. Prenatal diagnostic and screening tests help to determine the chances of having babies with Down Syndrome. This includes sonogram and blood tests.
- Other procedures include CVS and amniocentesis.


- There is no cure to Down Syndrome. Certain therapy programs, support from family, friends, and school, assistance from medical professionals help in raising kids having Down Syndrome.
Self-care for kids having Down Syndrome includes:
- Extra care, attention and assistance to kids.
- Engage kids in interactive programs.
- Rely on specialists for dealing with your kid’s needs and disabilities.
- Speech Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Physical Therapy

At mfine, high-quality healthcare facilities are provided to the patients, catering to their needs.

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